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State Doc Pick of the Week : Butterflies in Your Backyard

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The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service published a document titled Butterflies in Your butterflies in your backyard title pageBackyard.

The document mentions that there is a growing popularity for butterfly watching in recent years by wildlife watchers, not quite to the level of bird watching, but enough interest to constitute the creation of a butterfly watching guide.

Here is what you can learn about from reading this guide: common butterflies of North Carolina, butterfly life cycles, butterfly physiology and behavior, native plants that attract butterflies, how to create a butterfly habitat, and butterfly conservation. There are also some additional internet resources listed as well as information about an email forum for butterfly enthusiasts in the Carolinas.

This guide also includes color pictures of butterflies as well as some drawings. You can find a nice table that lists native host plants found in North Carolina as well as a table for native nectar plants with their primary blooming periods. Warmer months are the best time for butterfly watching and this guide will help you to identify what you see as well as create your own environment for butterfly watching.

You can view, download, print, and save this document here.

State Doc Pick of the Week : Social Relationships between Wineries and Local Communities

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Wineries and Local CommunitiesThe Cooperative Extension Service published a document titled Social Relationships between Wineries and Local Communities: Perspectives of North Carolinians from the Piedmont. North Carolina is home to over 100 wineries and ranks 4th nationwide as a wine tourism destination, according to the NC Department of Commerce in 2012.

In this document they talk about how the NC Wine Trails are benefiting communities with wineries and how fast the wine industry is growing in North Carolina. To support this fast growth, they conducted studies to discover some of the social relationships between wineries and local communities in North Carolina.

Some of the findings include: few neighbors visit their local wine trails, residents have some positive social relationships with their local wineries, frequent visits foster better winery-community social relationships, wineries need to increase their marketing efforts among residents, and finally they offer their lessons learned and recommendations.

You can view, download, print, and save this document here.

Celebrating National Aviation Week: Take a Short-Hop over to NCpedia for North Carolina’s Aviation Firsts

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Celebrating National Aviation Week: Take a Short-Hop over to NCpedia for North Carolina’s Aviation Firsts

This week is National Aviation Week, built around Friday’s upcoming National Aviation Day, first proclaimed in 1939 by President Franklin Roosevelt.  Roosevelt issued the proclamation to designate the holiday to coincide with the anniversary of Orville Wright‘s birth on August 19, 1871.

And although the Wrights’ epic flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903 gave the state one of its most memorable mottos — First in Flight — there are even more flight “firsts” that contribute to that distinction.

Photograph of Belvin Maynard, William Kline, and Trixie

Photograph of Belvin Maynard – and his dog Trixie – and William Kline, ca. 1910. Republished in NCpedia courtesy of Digital Forsyth.

Here’s just a sampling of some of the “firsts”, and you can find more information by following the links to NCpedia:

  • 1873: Henry Gatling’s hand-cranked monoplane was flown near Murfreesboro; claimed to be the first plane built in the U.S.
  • 1903: The Wrights flew the first manned and powered airplane at Kitty Hawk.
  • 1903: Georgia Ann Thompson — better known as Tiny Broadwick in NCpedia — became the first woman to make a parachute jump from an airplane. Broadwick is also credited with being the first person to make a free-fall descent and for troubleshooting a near-disaster that lead to the invention of the rip-cord.
  • 1907: Luther Paul’s twin-rotor unmanned helicopter the Bumble Bee flew in Carteret County; claimed to be the first helicopter flight in the U.S.
  • 1919: Belvin Maynard, born in Sampson County, set a record for 318 consecutive loops in 67 minutes at an airfield in France. For a time Maynard was known as the “greatest pilot on earth” and has also been credited with performing the first in-flight wedding in 1922 (although this detail has not been proven!).
  • 1928: pioneering aviatrix Louise Marcellus McPhetridge Thaden flew to 20,260 feet, at the time the highest altitude reached by a woman; Thaden and her husband participated in the development of all-metal planes and later resided in High Point where they operated a plastics engineering firm.
  • 1928: The state’s first regular air mail flight by Wheeler Airlines landed at Lindley Field in Greensboro.
  • 1948: North Carolina-born aeronautical engineer Francis Rogallo patented his invention the self-inflating Rogallo Wing which became the basis for foot-launched hang-gliders. (The first glider flown using the wing was developed and made by Californian Barry Palmer in 1961.)
  • 1969: North Carolina’s Warren Hervey Wheeler became the country’s first African American to own a commercial airline, Wheeler Flying Service.
  • 1974: Dare County resident and kite-maker John Harris in NCpedia became the first person to hang glide from the peak of Grandfather Mountain.


State Doc Pick of the Week : Carolina Lawns

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The North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service published a guide titled Carolina Lawns: A Guide to Carolina LawnsMaintaining Quality Turf in the Landscape.

This guide is intended to help residents of North Carolina keep their lawns healthy and good looking while also educating its readers about Carolina grasses and the benefits, both for you and the environment, of keeping your lawn in good shape.

Here are some of the things this guide covers: what to plant, establishing new lawns, caring for new lawns, maintaining established lawns, renovating a lawn, pest management, and more. This guide will help you to choose the right type of grass for each of the Carolina seasons based on your region, climate, intended use of your lawn, and the desired appearance of your lawn.

You can view, download, print, and save this guide here.

This blog is a service of the State Library of North Carolina, part of the NC Department of Natural and Cultural Resources. Blog comments and posts may be subject to Public Records Law and may be disclosed to third parties.